interRAI Network of Canada (Researchers)

Lynn Martin, PhD

Dr. Lynn Martin is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health Sciences at Lakehead University and has Adjunct status in the Department of Health Studies and Gerontology at the University of Waterloo.

Dr. Martin co-led the development of the interRAI Intellectual Disability assessment instrument, and chairs the Clinical Assessment Protocol (CAP) development committee for this instrument. She has led pilot studies of the interRAI ID in several jurisdictions across Canada, and is the Co-Principal Investigator on a historic project with the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services that uses the interRAI ID to help plan for the closure of the province's three remaining specialized institutions for persons with intellectual disability.

As a postdoctoral fellow, she assisted in the refinement and validation efforts of the RAI-Mental Health, which was mandated for use as the common assessment tool for all designated psychiatric beds in the province of Ontario (Canada), and is a member of the development team for the interRAI Community Mental Health and interRAI Emergency Screener for Psychiatry.

Dr. Martin's research interest focus on vulnerable population health, intellectual disability, mental health, and health and social services. Dr. Martin became an interRAI associate Fellow in 2007.

Lynn's Recent Publications

Cobigo, V., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Lysaght, R., & Martin, L. (in press). Shifting our conceptualization of social inclusion. Submitted to Stigma Research and Action.

Ashworth, A. & Martin, L. (in press). Perspectives of support workers on supporting persons with intellectual disability and pica. Journal on Developmental Disabilities.

Martin, L., Ashworth, M.A., & Montague, P. (in press). A longitudinal study of institutional downsizing and challenging behaviours among adults with intellectual disability. International Journal on Disability and Human Development.

Martin, L., Rabinowitz, T., & Montague, P. (in press). Urinary incontinence in inpatient psychiatry: prevalence, change, and relationship to length of stay. Journal of Clinical Nursing. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03862.x

Haggarty, J., Jarva, J., Cernovsky, Z., Karioja, K., & Martin, L. (2012). Wait time impact of co-located primary mental health care services: the Effect of adding collaborative care in Northern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(1), 29-33.

Martin, L. & Cobigo, V. (2011). Definitions matter in understanding social inclusion. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 8(4), 276-282.

Martin, L., Fries, B.E., Hirdes, J.P., & James, M. (2011). The fit of the RUG-III for measuring resource intensity of persons with intellectual disability residing in nursing homes. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 15(2), 131-141.

Martin, L., Perlman, C.M., & Hirdes, J.P. (2011) Social relationships and activities among married psychiatric inpatients with sexual difficulties. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 37, 307-322.

Rabinowitz, T., Martin, L., Montague, P., and Hirdes, J.P. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of urinary incontinence in a large cohort of psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Services, 62(1), 97-100.

Martin, L. (2010). Social inclusion among people with ID in institutional and community settings: definitions matter. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(5), 508. (Abstract)

Ashworth, M., Martin, L., & Montague, P. (2010). A longitudinal study of institutional downsizing and activity involvement among adults with intellectual disability. International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 9(4), 319-327.

Martin, L. & Ashworth, M. (2010). Deinstitutionalization in Ontario: understanding who moved when. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 7(3), 167-176.

Jokinen, N.S., Kelley, M-L., & Martin, L. (2009). Adults aging with an intellectual disability use "Photovoice" to depict an age-friendly community. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 6(2), 119. (Abstract)

Martin, L., Hirdes, J.P., Morris, J.N., Montague, P., Rabinowitz, T., & Fries, B.E. (2009). Validating the Mental Health Assessment Protocols in the Resident Assessment Instrument Mental Health (RAI-MH). Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16, 646-653.

Martin, L. & Hirdes, J.P. (2009). Mental health needs and service use in Ontario. Healthcare Management FORUM, Spring 2009, 40-46.

Ashworth, M., Hirdes, J.P., & Martin, L. (2009). The social and recreational characteristics of adults with intellectual disability and pica living in institutions. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30,512-520.   

Langlois, L. & Martin, L. (2008). Relationship between diagnostic criteria, depressive equivalents, and diagnosis of depression among older adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, special issue on Mental Health, 52 part II, 896-904.

Ashworth, M., Martin, L., & Hirdes, J.P. (2008). Prevalence and correlates of pica among adults with intellectual disability in institutions. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 1, 176-190.

Martin, L. (2008). Changes before the transition to the community: experiences of persons in Ontario's closing institutions. Journal on Developmental Disabilities Special issue on Transitions, 14(1), 127-137.

Martin, L., Poss, J.W., Hirdes, J.P., Jones, R., Stones, M., Fries, B.E., & Rabinowitz, T. (2008). Predictors of a new depression diagnosis among older adults admitted to complex continuing care: implications for the Depression Rating Scale (DRS). Age and Ageing, 37, 51-56.

Martin, L., Hirdes, J.P., & Fries, B.E. (2007). Examining the characteristics of persons with intellectual disability receiving hospital services, Part 2: complex continuing care hospitals/units. Journal on Developmental Disabilities, 13(3), 105-117.

Martin, L., Hirdes, J.P., & Fries, B.E. (2007). Examining the characteristics of persons with intellectual disability receiving hospital services, Part 1: psychiatric hospitals/units. Journal on Developmental Disabilities, 13(3), 89-103.

Perlman, C.M., Martin, L., Hirdes, J.P., Curtin-Telegdi, N., Perez, E., & Rabinowitz, T. (2007). Prevalence and predictors of sexual dysfunction among Ontario psychiatric inpatients. Psychosomatics, 48(4), 309-318.

Martin, L., Hirdes, J.P., Fries, B.E., & Smith, T.F. (2007). Development and psychometric properties of an assessment for persons with intellectual disability, the interRAI ID. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 4(1), 23-29.

Mannell, R., Salmoni, A., & Martin, L. (2002). Older adults caring for older adults: physically active leisure lifestyles as a coping resource for the health of caregivers. Loisir et Societe/Society and Leisure, 25(2), 397-420.

Kaufman, K., Pong, R., Hogenbirk, J., & Martin, L. (2001). Midwifery care in Ontario: client outcomes in 1998. Part 2: fetal and infant outcomes. Association of Ontario Midwives Journal, 7(4), 147-153.

Kaufman, K., Pong, R. Hogenbirk, J, & Martin, L. (2001). Midwifery care in Ontario: client outcomes in 1998. Part 1: maternal outcomes. Association of Ontario Midwives Journal, 7(2), 56-64.

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